Boris Johnsons new deal ditches Brexit backstop, allows us to strike trade deals and ends EU law


BORIS Johnsons new Brexit deal ditches the Northern Irish backstop, allows us to strike our own trade deals and ends EU law.

The PM believes his great agreement allows Britain to take back control compared to Theresa Mays previous plan.

Boris Johnsons new Brexit deal ditches the Northern Irish backstop, allows us to strike our own trade deals and ends EU law


The backstop has been the main stumbling block to negotiations with the bloc with Mr Johnson refusing to do any deal that included it.

But it has now been replaced by a four-point plan relating to: customs, regulations, VAT and the consent of the Northern Ireland Assembly known as Stormont.

According to the new proposals Northern Ireland will leave the customs union with the rest of the UK.

This is important because it means the province will reap the benefits from trade deals brokered by No10 after Brexit.

There will be a legal customs border between Northern Ireland and the Republic.

But in practice the border will be between the UK and the island of Ireland with goods being checked at points of entry in Northern Ireland.


Products entering Northern Ireland from EU countries known as the single market will be subject to tariffs.

But this only applies if they are not set to go across the border.

If goods leave Northern Ireland and enter the single market, then the UK will pay tariffs to the EU.

This would mean putting a border in the Irish Sea which would result in checks at major ports but not affecting individual travellers.


The deal requires Northern Ireland to comply with EU rules on VAT and excise duties but Britain will have to collect them on behalf of the bloc.

VAT exemptions and reduced rates applied in Ireland will also be exercised in Northern Ireland, by the UK government.


In the new plans the Stormont Assembly members will not be able to vote on continuing the Brexit arrangements until four years after they come into effect in 2021.

The vote will be a head count, with a majority keeping the arrangements in place for another four years.

If the proposals get consent from both unionists and nationalists then they will be kept in place for another eight years.

This would not allow the DUP a chance to veto.

However, if the majority vote to come out of the EU arrangements there would be two-year period until this takes place.


Under the new agreement the UK, and Northern Ireland, will be free to sign its own trade deals.

London and Brussels are aiming for a zero-tariff deal with unlimited quotas in the future.


Under the new treaty the UK will have to pay its financial obligations to the EU.

There is currently no exact figure on how much the divorce bill will be.

However, it will include the UKs contributions to the EUs budget for 2019 and 2020.

The bill could be around 33billion, the Office for Budget Responsibility estimates.
About three quarters of this will be paid by 2022, the OBR expects.

DUP leader Arlene Foster has refused to back Boris Johnson’s deal